Jan 2012: Recommendations to protect journalists in danger

Jan 2012: Recommendations to protect journalists in danger

Recommendations for the safety of journalists in dangerous situations following a two-day forum in Qatar, attended by hundreds of press freedom advocates.
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DCMF photograph.

From January 21 – 22, 2012, delegates from international organisations including the UN, several press freedom groups and government officials met to discuss the protection of journalists. The following text is the full list of recommendations following the forum. The conference was organised by Qatar's National Human Rights Committee.

Recommendations of the International Conference to Protect Journalists in dangerous situations 

We, representatives of media, human rights and freedom of expression groups and international, regional and national organisations of journalists meeting at the International Conference to Protect Journalists held in Doha, Qatar on 22-23 January 2012,  organized by the Qatari National Committee for Human Rights (QNCHR) 

Recalling all recommendations, covenants, declarations and resolutions promulgated or endorsed by international organizations such as the UN and the Geneva Conventions

Noting all the global initiatives put forth by international non-governmental organisations (NGOs) concerned with the protection of journalists

 Recognising the importance of media in increasing awareness of the   violations of international humanitarian law and human rights

Believing that media has a responsibility to help put an end to impunity by systematically publicising crimes against journalists, investigating when necessary all violations and ensuring that perpetrators as well as failure of government to act are exposed

Calling on all organisations representing journalists and NGOs concerned with the safety of journalists to work together in the broadest campaign to ensure great safety of journalists and bring an end to impunity

Following the review of the conference of the current status of the media in dangerous situations and referring to protective measures provided by international law, discussing the idea of a draft convention for the protection of journalists in conflict zones and other dangerous situations


that although the United Nations and its agencies have a wide range of tools and instruments which can address the issue of safety, scores of journalists and media workers continue to be killed every year while carrying out their professional responsibilities. Many of such abuses are not investigated and remain unpunished.

* that renewed and urgent action is necessary to press for robust implementation to the existing mechanisms and procedures by increasing the effectiveness of monitoring and enforcement of the current instruments.

This Conference therefore recommends:

To the United Nations and it agencies

1. Implement forthwith their latest plan of action agreed at their Paris Autumn conference and enhance their working with specialised non-governmental organisations dedicated to the safety of journalists and media worker.

2. Develop new tools to bind all states to acknowledge and accept a standing obligation to provide particular safeguards and protection for journalists beyond the provisions of UN Security Council resolution reminding states of their obligations to give journalists protection as civilians in situations of conflict.

3. Adopt ambitious reforms to its mechanisms and procedures such as through regional security organizations, expanding the mandates of Special Rapporteurs and concerned UN bodies, organizing emergency alerts and missions, considering intrusive inspections and mandatory sanctions– developing or renewing existing systems, developing further monitoring and peer review processes and work towards an ultimate goal setting up an international treaty so that countries can collectively adopt a set of radical new measures to afford credible protection to journalists.

4. Expand the current legal provisions beyond the obligation to protect journalists against attacks on their life, and include forced disappearances and kidnapping (by state or private actors), arbitrary arrest, intimidation, deportation/refusal of entry, confiscation/ damage to property, and new forms of violence experienced by journalists during the 2011 Arab spring, and further develop human rights council resolutions S-2/1 and S-9/1 concerning the attacks on media installations and allowing access as well as safe media corridors in conflict zones.

5.  Asking the Human Rights Council to appoint a special rapporteur on the protection of journalists, requesting the High Commissioner of Human Rights (HCHR) to create a unit to follow up media cases.

To governments

1. Respect the letter and spirit of all international instruments they signed up to, of the binding and non-binding resolutions, covenants and declarations of the United Nations.

2. Include an assessment of other country’s record when granting aid and other development assistance. International development institutions, such as the World Bank and International Monetary Fund, should also scrutinize a country’s record on violence journalists when assessing the granting of aid and other assistance.

3. Strengthen national laws including criminal laws and overhaul justice system to end impunity and to provide judicial and legislative assistance to prevent serious violations of international humanitarian laws including the targeting of journalists.

4. Agree that families of killed journalists have a right to compensation directly or through media institutions and establish a solidarity fund for the victims.

To news organizations

1. Acknowledge their duty of care for all their journalists, in particular news gatherers, staff or freelance and their responsibility to provide hostile environment safety training and equipment whether at time of conflict or not.

2. Arrange trauma counseling through specialized organizations such as the Dart Centre for Journalism and Trauma.

3. Negotiate at all time with journalists’ representatives all issues of safety in news coverage, including safety protocols, medical care, life insurance, equality to provide those social guarantees to all, including freelancers .

4. Increase awareness and knowledge of legal international agreements and conventions as well as regional ones. 

6. Include awareness of all aspects of the region under coverage in any training.

7. Include special training for women in view of the attacks such as sexual harassment and the spate of other violent attacks directly targeted at women.

To journalists

1. Develop of culture of being responsible for their own safety and seek out training before travelling to conflict zones.

2. Develop a culture of solidarity, in particular a duty of care towards each other.

3. Be ready at all time to help record any incidents of attacks to provide evidence to cases of violence.

4. Develop an understanding of how the military works and be ready how to handle them. 


As a first step. the participants to the Doha conference agree to:

1. Place the issue of the safety and protection of journalists whenever possible on the agenda of international and regional institutions and conferences.

2. Work towards a new meeting to be attended by all stakeholders including governments to further discuss and develop the current recommendations after one year.

3.  Agree to disseminate the current recommendations and to organise press conferences to publicise them. 

4. Call upon the Qatari NCHR to create a working group involving all stakeholders to follow up the adopted recommendations. 

Participants agree to transmit these recommendations to the President of the General Assembly for adoption by the General Assembly. This would be done by a presentation made by a delegation led by the NCHR and comprising International Federation of Journalists, The Press Emblem Campain, Federacion de periodistas de America Latina y Caribe, Federation of African Journalists, Federation of the Arab Journalists, National Union of Journalists of the Philippines 

Participants recommend that all working papers and reports of workshops are considered as official documents of the Doha international conference. 

Finally, participants express their appreciation and thanks to the NCHR for its efforts to organise the Doha conference and calls upon it to continue its work with other concerned parties to implement the adopted recommendations.

All rights reserved, Doha Centre for Media Freedom 2017

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